One of the Iranian masterpieces architectural in the desert areas is the Windcatcher. This invention of Iranian architects has a very simple appearance but is very complex and technical. This architectural technique caused an easier life for the desert inhabited areas. The Windcatcher is one of the magnificent symbols of Iranian civilization. Today, these Wind catchers have become a symbol that the
The windcatcher is an Iranian innovative method for creating a cool atmosphere inside hot desert houses. This air conditioner system has caused to make and tolerate a better living space for the people. Central Iran has a large daily temperature variation with an arid climate. Most buildings are constructed with thick ceramic that Its performance is like insulation. The desert towns are made very close together with tall walls and ceilings that make the maximizing shade on the ground. The windcatcher's effectiveness had led to its routine use as a refrigerating device in Persian architecture.
Many traditional water reservoirs (Ab
Since the effect of water evaporation is more evident in the desert areas, leading to the ubiquitous use of windcatchers in drier areas such as Yazd, Kerman, Kashan, Sirjan, Nain, and Bam.
windcatchers are usually small polygons or regular polygons. The windcatcher is made up of a tall tower that is located on the roof or the tallest section of the house.
Generally, windcatchers were built on a part of a desert house called "Hoz Khane".The Hoz Khane was a kind of Iranian room, which usually had a small tank of water. Due to the existence of a water pool, the temperature of these rooms was less than the
The windcatchers are generally made of brick and mud and to secure them against the wind, wooden beams were used. Also, the exterior faces were decorated with Plaster and brick. Their operation is like a cooler. The wind enters the room through the vents. After the collision with the water, evaporation carries out. The temperature difference in these rooms is usually between 5 up to 8 degrees lower than the others.
1- Moving the fresh air inside the home
2- Transfering the wind toward the pool"Hoz Khane".
During the years, the local architects have used different methods to increase the efficiency of
The wind catchers have different faces.
1- One side: They are the simplest type and are usually made up of cool seasonal winds.
2- Two-sided: They have tall windows
3- Triple: In this model, the different seasonal winds can be used.
4- Four sides: four-way
5- Polygon: This model absorbs all seasonal and unseasonal winds.
The most important outer cover of
This type of covering protects it against
Most wind catchers are simple without any decorations.
Some of the wind catchers are decorated with a variety of architectural elements as plasterworks,
, and in some cases very special
The Dowlat Abad Garden in Yazd has the tallest windcatcher in Iran. The Dolatabad Garden of Yazd has established in the late Afshar period and in 1160 AH.
This historic garden with an area of 70,000 square meters
"Aghazadeh Abarkuh" Mansion is one of the attractions of Abarkouh city in Yazd province. This old house has the largest
This house belongs to