Iranian impressive mosques are mixed with authentic Iranian and Islamic culture, are one of the best tourist destinations to discover Iranian-Islamic architecture. These mosques not only host deep and rich history but also their masterpiece architecture can amaze all visitors. Among all Iranian mosques, the Blue Mosque or Kaboud Mosque of Tabriz city with its unique specifications is one of the best. The Blue Mosque (also called the Kabud Mosque or Turquoise of Islam) stands out as a rare beauty due to its intricate blue tile mosaics.
It is a valuable historical monument from the 9th century AH,( The Kara-Koyunlu rule of the Turkomans over northwestern Iran) and about thirty-five years before the Safavid dynasty with certain features has distinguished itself from other monuments in the region of Azerbaijan and even Iran. The Blue Mosque derives its name from its artistic tiles and mosaics, which not only decorated the mosque in the best form but also will amaze all visitors. These masterpieces decorations like Kufic, Naskh, and Thulth scripts, blue tiles, nice Mosaics, as well as various arabesque and geometric patterns, are the best examples to represent Iranian architecture.
-The only mosque in Iran that has the most complete examples of the Islamic era's azure tile works.
-One of the four mosques in the world that are completely decorated with blue tiles.
-The only remaining monument from Agh Quyunlu rule(600-year-old).
-A masterpiece of architecture in different parts of the mosque.
-The blue mosque is one of the 3 blue mosques in the world.
-It is one of the important historical mosques of Iran.
-It is one of the most famous attractions in Tabriz.
-It is known as the turquoise of the Islamic world.
The Blue Mosque or Mozafarieh mosque in Tabriz was built upon the order of Muzaffar al-Din Jahan Shah ibn Yusuf (1397- 1405 ), the ruler of the Kara Koyunlu. Jahan Shah's wife, Khatun Jan Begum (died 1469), established the endowment (Vaqf) for the mosque's construction. But his government was overthrown a few years later by Uzon Hasan from Ak Koyunloha(1478 –1490), and Tabriz was taken over by this new government. Jahan Shah's daughter oversaw the construction of the mosque and completed its main parts.
Though this monument was never completed this building has always been used by rulers. In 1514, with the defeat of the Safavids in the Chaldaran war and the capture of Tabriz by the Ottoman soldiers, this mosque was looted and many exquisite objects and expensive carpets were plundered. The mosque was especially severely damaged by the earthquake of 1780.
A Timurids magnificent monument with very innovative architecture and great and refreshing decorations completely covered with azure and turquoise tiles. The bricks are in the colors of the sea and the sky, among these turquoise bricks, are black and white bricks, stacked side by side in Moarragh style, in an eye-catching order. Tabriz's Blue Mosque, thanks to its beautiful white, turquoise, and blue bricks built with absolute skill and precision, is known as the Turquoise of Islam. The main entrance door's head with magnificent tile works and inscriptions with “Sols” calligraphy and boards in Kufic language from Qoran, is one of the most beautiful ones in Iran.
The brick dome of the Mosque with 17 meters opening and 20 meters height, is one of the greatest works of Islamic architects of the 9th century. It was built with bricks inspired by the architectural style of the Ilkhanid period. The weight of the double-shell dome is distributed across its many bases, which are clearly visible from inside the mosque.
|Tabriz is the most important tourist destination in the west of Iran|
While much of the architectural ornament has vanished or been destroyed (earthquake) over time the remaining decoration reveals a high level of craftsmanship. The whole mausoleum is decorated with fine tile mosaics of very fine quality with a wide range of chromatic shades, ranging from cobalt blue, turquoise, white, brown, and black to green, yellow, almost red, and gold and combined with brick for relief effects. Gilded tiles on the interior walls, different reliefs on the walls, and Blue‐and‐white tiles on the exterior walls of the Blue Mosque have made such stun mosques that all take their hat off to their attractions.