Medes, the First (Western) Iranian Kingdom
The Medians were the first
Some historians believe that thanks to the strength and prowess of the Median tribes and their repeated wars with the Assyrians and Sogdians, Phraorte, the second middle king, succeeded in establishing the middle empire. He was the son of Diacose and played a great role in establishing order in the median government. Hegmataneh or the present Hamadan has been chosen as the capital of the Middle Kingdom. He built a large palace surrounded by several walls, each painted with a different color, to glorify his capital. Midwayers were very skilled metalworkers and goldsmiths and valuable antiques survived. After 200 years (550 BC (Cyrus, son-in-law of the last king of the media), puts an end to the rule of the median.
Golden rhyton from Iran's Achaemenid period.
Excavated at Ecbatana. Kept at National Museum
Due to the stories of Herodotus, there were six Median groups:
"Thus, Deioces gathered the Medes in one nation and governed them alone. Now, it is the tribes that compose them: the
These Median groups resided in Media proper, the triangular area between Rhagae, Aspadana, and Ecbatana. Now it is an area between Tehran, Isfahan and Hamadan provinces. Among the middle tribes, the Magi resided in Rhaga, the modern island of Tehran.
They belonged to a sacred caste that met the spiritual needs of the Medes. The Paretaceni tribe resided in and around Aspadana, the modern Isfahan, the