How the country became known as 'Iran?
The word Iran was known as "Arya' in ancient Tram and Perdin'in Old Persian language and is! derived from ancient Arya nama or the land of nobel people. The term 'Arya'was spelled as 'Aira and Arya in old Persian and Sanskrit. Meanwhile in Sanskrit "Ana means a lord and senior person and 'Anaka! means a respectable person. This term was spelled "Aiyana'in Old Pahlavi 'Air' in Dari Persian and "Arya' in Aryan language. The word tra was known as "Arya' in ancient Tram and Perdin'in Old Persian language and is! derived from ancient Arya nama'er the land of The term 'Ana'was spelled as 'Aina and Arya in Persian and Sanskrit. Meanwhile in Sanskrit "Ana means a lord and senior person and 'Anaka! means a respectable person. This term was spelled "Aiyana'in Old Pahlavi 'Air' in Dari Persian and "Arya' in Aryan language.
Aryana' or 'Arya! means freedom and in its collective form means the land of freedom. From another aspect 'Iran means the Land of Aryans. Many centuries before the birth of Islam the country was called 'Iran'or "Iranskar. Of course from 6th century B.C. until 1935 the country was known as 'Persia" by the world. In that year Reza Shah Pahlavi formally requested the League of Nations or the newly established United Nations to use the word 'Iran instead of Persia on the international level. However since many European scholars and travelers had known the country as Pers this term is mentioned in western classic books, but 'Iran' is used by politicians. Meanwhile in Iranian cultural-artistic exhibitions bed been launched in Europe such as "Seven Thousand Years of Iranian Art' or 'The Forgotten Empire' Iran is mentioned as Persia.
The Geographical situation of Iran
Iran is located southwest of the Asian Continent, From north the country borders with the Caucasus and Caspian Sea (Mazandaran Sea) and Central Asin from east it borders with Afghanistan and Pakistan from south with the Persian Gulf and Sea of Oman and from west it is bounded by Iraq and Turkey The present Iran is part of a bigger mountainous plateau which incorporated several seas, lakes and plains including the Caspian Sea at north, the Jeyhoon and Seyhoon plains, the steppes at northeast, the Koora (Koorosh) Plain at northwest, the Punjab Valley at southeast, Sea of Oman and Persian Gulf at south and Mesopotamia region between Tigris and Euphrates at west. In fact, the former bigger Iranian plateau covered an area of 2,600,000 sq. km out of which only 1,648,000 sq. km belongs to present Iran. Iran is a giant parallelogram fallen between Persian Gulf and Sea of Oman at the south and the Caspian Sea at the north and has served as bridge and corridor between Central Asia and Western Asia. Its bigger diameter stretches from Ararat Mountain at the north to Guatr Port at south at a distance of 2,210 kilometers and its smaller diameter stretches from Sarakhs River at the north to Arvandrud River at south at a distance of 1,400 kilometers. Half of Iran is mountainous. One-fourth of the country is fertile and one fourth is barren and salty. The latitude of the country at the farthest edge or Guatr Port is 25 degrees and the latitude at northwest extremity bordering Ararat Plain is 40 degrees. The country's longitude varies between 44 degrees and 63.5 degrees compared to Greenwich Time in London. The farthest eastern point reaches Kuhak at the border with Pakistan and the farthest western edge is Bazargan border town which neighbors with Turkey. The difference of time between the farthest eastern town compared to farthest western town is approximately 1.18 hours. Iran has 468 km border with Turkey, 1609 km border with Iraq, 945 km with Afghanistan, 978 km with Pakistan, 40 km with Armenia, 768 km with the Azerbaijan Republic and 1206 km with the Turkmenistan Republic. As a whole, the country's circumference is 8,731 kilometers from the Caspian Sea to Persian Gulf and Sea of Oman. Out of 160 million hectares in the country, about 20.7% is desert and barren, 54.9% is covered by plains, 7.6% is covered by forests and the remaining 14.4% is fertile.
Learn more about Iran:
Nature of Iran
Art Of Iran
Iranian Calendar or Chronology